In schools, children often suffer physical or psychological terror from the other kids. This phenomenon occurs for both girls and boys. Victims are mostly primary school children. Such interdependence between adolescents' is referred to as a “bullying” by scientists. “Bullying”, means a physical or psychological terror on a child by his/her classmates or the group of other children. Those who “bully”, aim to intimidate and subdue their victims.
Adults often find it difficult to identify the bullying. They assume the child's real aggression as a game, this aggression is considered to be a natural part of child’s development, and mildly call the aggressive children as bullies. They tend to forget that this attitude may cause an irreparable physical or mental harm to the victim. Specialists believe that after violence youngster cannot be quickly cured, he/she might suffer a constant fear, anxiety, feel humiliated or depressed, his/her self-esteem can worsen. Besides the physical and psychological terror, the victims often miss the lessons, are late from the lessons, his/her academic standing worsens. Such children avoid participation into school public events, losing friends among their classmates. More than that - mental trauma may be receives by a child, which has not experienced violence directly, but has witnessed a terror. Such child is afraid of not to become a victim of the aggressor in the future.
Scientists believe that children-initiators of a bullying continue to demonstrate aggression in their adulthood, and often choose a criminal way of life.
In the 21st century, it is difficult to find a person who has not experienced the stress. In the rapidly changing informational environment, the number of stress causing factors and their negative impacts are increasing day by day. Therefore, it is important to know what the reasons for its occurrence are.
“Stress” firstly was described by the Canadian scientist Hans Selye, who defined it as General Adaptation Syndrome. According to Hans Selye, the body’s systems and functions of the organs weaken in this condition. In accordance with the modern definition, the "Stress" is the combination of those protective physiological reactions, which are generating in the body, in response to the harmful factors of the environment and to protect the body from the latter.
Please note that the stress not always has a negative effect on the body. The effect of short-term stress, which is due mainly to strong positive emotions, has a positive effect on the body and promotes its mobilization and activation. Prolonged stress (which continues for weeks, months or years) causes exhaustion of the vital forces and physiological dysfunction. In such cases, the organism cannot cope with the stress causing factors independently.
Nowadays all representatives of educational sphere agree on how important creative thought is. Creativity gives individual an opportunity not only perceiving the universe and its phenomenon in multiple ways, but also to aspire to new ideas, to make discoveries, to gain instant experiences. All this, in total, are the guarantee for the development of the universe.
Creativity is a wide notion, thus it is commonly argued to connect creativity with particular aspects. Creativity is considered to be as one of the aspects of intelligence but if we think over the diversity of intelligence then it becomes difficult to agree. (Howard Gardner „Theory of multiple intelligences" are sorting some type of intelligence: Linguistic, Bodily-kinesthetic, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Naturalistic and Existential). As it is described in scientific literature, many factors influence on creativity, including environmental conditions. High degree of autonomy gives individual the opportunity to reveal creativity and it cannot be said about authoritarian environment.
Sometimes creativity is characterized as a “curved” thought that is distinguished from traditional, overall thought. Teacher – moderator plays important role in the class-room, who should use his/her own skills and multiple instruments and make school children becoming maximally creative.
In order that a child to grow up a full-fledged person, along with other qualities he/she needs for a self-confidence, which means trust and belief in himself/herself. Confident child believes in his/her own abilities. This belief is formed over time and is based on an ability to develop self-confidence.
Always emphasize a child's skills, his/her dignity, for example, that he-she paints or sings well. Such emphasis on every little success is a small but an important part of self-confidence.
Encourage and promote a child. Many parent or teacher cannot perform this simple recommendation. You can be able to bring up a happy child by constantly encouraging and supporting his/her dreams and beliefs. Listen to children: Their dreams may change, but they will never forget your words, which may be very painful for them.