Assessment of educational processes is one of the most important methods in monitoring of teaching and quality control strategies.
Quite a number of monitoring and assessment methods and approaches are used in the educational system. Monitoring of teaching and learning strategies is mainly the responsibility of the educational institution. The assessment may also be carried out by any researcher, group of researchers, international organization or by a governmental or international program interested in one or another issue. However, the fact is that the monitoring is just able to give unilateral or global assessment. It cannot draw a complete picture of the dynamics of daily teaching activities.
In the second half of the twentieth century, a system, called 360-degree feedback was founded, which has been widespread throughout all western countries. This system, also known as the all-round and multilateral system, means involvement of all participants into monitoring and assessment processes and detailed analyses of findings.
Assessment Method of the Educational Processes
According to the modern approaches to monitoring and assessment activities, assessment done by a student - a key person in educational processes, since popularization of multilateral appraisal tendencies, is extremely important. All the leading schools in the West today regularly use the approach of Student’s Assessment of Educational Processes. Similar to 360-degree feedback method, it also has a history lasting just several decades. E.g. at Stanford University in the United States, Student’s Assessment approach was first used in the academic year of 1996-1997. From that time on, other leading schools started to apply this approach and today, assessment of educational processes by students is considered to be an integral part of the Western educational systems.
Social skills are not inherent and needs hard work for development. School and teacher should do their duty in development of child and to teach them ability of using these skills in real life. Students develop social skills by collaborative learning. Students that are in collaborative groups study not only various disciplines in academic program, but also learn interpersonal relationship skills. Studying social skills is the requirement for academic success: more they learn the art of mutual aid in study, more their attendance is better. Therefore, establishing social skills happens in collaborative situations, where task should be done jointly.
Four different types of skills that are necessary for collaborative learning
- Skills that are the simplest rules of behavior. Without such skills, it is hard to say concerning collaboration and creative group;
- Skills that are necessary in the process of work for active involvement of all members of group and for maintenance of productive work relations;
- Skills of cognitive, motivated attitude for acquiring knowledge;
- Skills that stipulate creative and critic approach to knowledge. Skills of logical thinking and intellectual solving of conflicts, searching additional information and finding rational kernel in different views.
Child spends half of his life at school. He acquires not only new knowledge but learns how to build relations with coevals and teachers. Frequently student refuses to go to school only because teacher’s unfounded critics or teacher being too commanding. Due to complicated conflicts, children may demand to switch school. In order to avoid that parents and students should be aware that all teachers have different characters.
While the child is primary school pupil, more frequently he may be in contact only with one teacher. If the teacher is reasonable, kind, attentive, creative and understanding the child will not get bored at school during the first years of studying at least. Things get complicated when child enters higher classes and starts communication with other teachers.