What is Bloom's Taxonomy?
The story in regards to the cognitive processes began in
1948, when a group of educators embarked on the journey of categorizing
educational goals and objectives. Their main area of interest was three domains
which needed to be classified. They were: the cognitive, the affective, and the
psychomotor. So when the classification was finished and the work came to an
end the cognitive domain surfaced in the 1950s and was known as Bloom's Taxonomy
of the Cognitive Domain. There were other taxonomies developed in the process
as well but by a group of other educators who focused their interest on
affective and psychomotor domains.
Before we go any further it is important to know what
taxonomy means as it is not every day you hear this word and it may be that
most people will never even use this word. The word “taxonomy” simply means a
certain way to group things together. For e.g. in biology classes’ Linnaean
taxonomy is most renowned where you have a bunch of animals and you can group
them according to various characteristics and give them or assign them names.
Bloom's taxonomy is somewhat similar to this where three domains were
classified as follows:
- The cognitive – which is a knowledge based domain, comprising of six levels
- The affective – which is an attitudinal based domain, comprising of five levels, and
- The psychomotor – which is a skills based domain, comprising of six levels